The C40 World Mayors Summit in Copenhagen will build a global coalition of leading cities, businesses and citizens that rallies around the radical and ambitious climate action our planet needs.
The Summit will showcase examples of how cities are already delivering on their strong commitments and accelerate the bold climate solutions needed for a sustainable, healthier, resilient and inclusive future.
As the host city, Copenhagen will make visible the wide range of successful climate solutions that the city has to offer and how its businesses and citizens are engaging in creating the experimental climate actions of tomorrow. The city will serve as an immersive living laboratory where delegates get to take a trip to the future and experience what it’s like to live in a city on the frontline of innovation.
Copenhagen to be the world’s first carbon neutral capital city
Copenhagen has achieved a 40% reduction in carbon emissions since 2005, and green solutions is the very DNA of the Danish capital. Copenhagen wants to reach its ambitious goal of carbon neutrality by 2025 through a green transition of energy production, energy consumption and transport.
Copenhagen boasts many inspiring green solutions, but especially two themes come to mind: Sustainable energy production and Copenhageners exploring their city by bike. Over the last decade, more than 100 million euros have been invested towards improving the city’s bicycle infrastructure, resulting in more than 435 kilometers of bike lanes, bridges and highways made especially for bicycles – including many spectacular biking-experiences like The Inner Tube, The Circle Bridge and Inderhavnen Bridge.
Today, 49% of Copenhageners complete their daily transits on bike, resulting in more than 1.3 million kilometers biked each day. Bikes can not only replace cars as the main vehicle of transportation in a city, but in doing so congestion is reduced, cleaner air is created, and citizens get healthier. Copenhagen hopes that its specific approach to creating the most bicycle friendly city on earth can help inspire other cities to act.
Climate friendly energy heats Copenhagen Beyond the bicycle friendly nature of Copenhagen, the city’s approach to energy consumption is essential in ensuring a green and sustainable city. 99% of buildings in Copenhagen sport environmentally friendly district heating, mainly through the capture and reuse of waste heat from electricity production and channeling that into people’s homes. The municipality also monitors energy consumption in government properties such as daycares, cultural centers and government buildings to save energy and reduce carbon footprint. In all, these systems help Copenhageners save more than 1.400 Euro annually and saves the city several hundred tons of CO2.
Going all the way To fully reach the goal of carbon neutrality by 2025, Copenhagen plans to enter a new phase with even more extensive climate action: City legislators need to encourage Copenhageners to change their behaviour – especially the ones driving cars – and lead the development of new green technology.
Copenhagen is therefore continuously urging Copenhageners to prioritize green and public transportation. The new circleline metro opens in September 2019 and will connect the neighbourhoods Østerbro, Nørrebro, Frederiksberg, Vesterbro and City with a total of 17 new stations. And the city is continuously changing the busses to electrical and climate friendly busses, facilitating the use of electrical cars, creating “super-bike-paths” for easy traversal of the city – and so much more.
Facts about the Copenhagen green initiatives
• Copenhagens climate plan was adopted in 2012. The initiatives in the climate plan are revised every four years.
• The new circleline metro will provide a huge upgrade of the existing metro network in Copenhagen, which consists of 22 stations today. In early 2020, two more subway stations will be added to Nordhavn, and five new metro stations will also be built in Sydhavn, which is expected to open in 2024.
• Over the last decade, Copenhagen have invested more than 100 million euro in better bicycle infrastructure. With many hundred kilometers of bike lanes, bridges and highways made especially for bicycles – including many spectacular biking-experiences like The Inner Tube, The Circle Bridge and Inderhavnen Bridge
• Every day, people cycle more than 1.3 million kilometers in Copenhagen. • Copenhagen has the world most busy cycling street with more than 40.000 cyclists daily passing Dronning Louises Bridge.
Amsterdam, Austin, Berlin, Jakarta and Liverpool commit to rid fossil fuels from city streets by 2030
Amsterdam, Austin, Berlin, Jakarta and Liverpool are the latest pioneering cities committing to ensure a major area of the city is zero emission by 2030 and to procure only zero-emission buses from 2025.
34 cities worldwide are now committed to the C40 Green and Healthy Streets Declaration – where the total number of buses in all 34 cities is now at 121,490. This is an increase of over 40,000 buses in just the last year. The total population benefitting from the introduction of new buses, in all 34 cities, is at least 165.5 million.
By making this commitment the five cities have declared their intention to transform a major area of the city into a place free from fossil fuel vehicles by creating and improving public spaces, urban parks and streets, developing public transport, bicycle infrastructure and adopting exclusively zero emission buses.
These strategies are designed to combat air pollution, improve the quality of life of all residents of the cities and take new actions to protect the climate. If all C40 cities meet the commitments of the Green & Healthy Streets Declaration and encourage more people out of their cars, it would potentially prevent more than 45,000 premature deaths each year.
The Mayor of Amsterdam, Femke Halsema said:
“As transport is an area where the city can control emissions sources, it makes sense to focus on this. Amsterdam is undergoing a vast growth in population and in visitors between now and 2025, which presents challenges. However, Amsterdam has always been a city which embraces change: social change, cultural change and technological change. It will need a combination of all three to make the city’s vision for emission free mobility a reality. We will need a cultural and social shift so that citizens are aware of the impact of their transport choices.”
Mayor of Austin, Steve Adler said:
“As the center of a metro area that grows by more than one hundred people per day, Austin is committed to making the goals of the C40 Green and Healthy Street Declaration part of our strategic transportation planning. The city’s growth creates an urgent need for better mass transit options and makes now the right time to plan for transit solutions that use energy resources wisely and pollute less.”
The Governing Mayor of Berlin, Michael Müller said:
Berlin is in the midst of a spirited debate on what the mobility of the future will look like. The challenge here is to take into consideration the interests of everyone involved and to create excitement about new mobility solutions. Berlin was also the first city in Germany to adopt a Mobility Act. This legislation lays the foundation for climate-friendlier, safer, and more efficient transportation in our city.
Governor of Jakarta, Anies Baswedan said:
“Jakarta faces significant air quality problems with vehicular pollution one of the leading causes of this. Our vision is to transform Jakarta away from a traffic dominated, congested and polluted city to a world leader in public and sustainable transport, where residents and visitors feel that using public transport is safe, sustainable and comfortable.”
Steve Rotheram, Metro Mayor of the Liverpool City Region said:
“This is a key step towards our ambition to becoming a zero carbon city by 2040. Working with other mayors and leaders through UK100 and C40 we are determined to play our part in tackling climate change and air pollution. As part of a £172m fund for Liverpool, we will see new jobs and investment, making our community cleaner, greener and healthier.”
From next year, Liverpool City Region will be the first place in the North of England to trial hydrogen buses following a successful £6.4 million bid to the government’s Office for Low Emission Vehicles. The project will potentially see up to 25 hydrogen–powered buses on the streets of the Liverpool City Region, emitting nothing but water from the exhaust pipe, and will contribute to the city region’s plans both to improve air quality and work towards a zero carbon economy by 2040.
Signatories to C40’s Green and Healthy Streets Declaration “envision a future where walking, cycling, and shared transport are how the majority of citizens move around our cities.” The cities who join sign up to: Increase rates of walking, cycling and the use of public and shared transport. Reduce the number of polluting vehicles on city streets. Lead by example by procuring zero emission vehicles for city fleets. Collaborate with partners, fleet operators and businesses to accelerate the shift to zero emissions vehicles and reduce vehicle miles in cities.
Along with Amsterdam, Austin, Berlin, Jakarta and Liverpool the pledge is now signed by 34 cities including Paris, Los Angeles, Copenhagen, Rio de Janeiro, Barcelona, Quito, Vancouver, Mexico City, Milan, Moscow, Seattle, Auckland & Cape Town. Cities will report back every two years on the progress they are making towards the goals of the C40 Declaration.
The announcement comes ahead of the C40 World Mayors Summit, where more than 50 mayors will gather next month to showcase innovative climate solutions pioneered by the world’s largest and most influential cities. Led by Lord Mayor Frank Jensen of Copenhagen and C40 Chair and Mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo, speakers include climate leaders Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Mayor Eric Garcetti of Los Angeles.
The Summit will bring together elected officials, business executives, youth leaders, and citizens to commit to more ambitious climate action and accelerate the global movement for healthier, more livable communities.
Oslo and Heidelberg Commit to Make New Buildings “Net Zero Carbon” by 2030
Regulations and planning policy will also target existing buildings to make them net zero carbon by 2050 to ensure cities deliver on the highest goals of Paris Agreement.
Oslo and Heidelberg join 23 other cities committed to C40’s Net Zero Carbon Buildings Declaration.
The Governing Mayor of Oslo, Raymond Johansen, and Lord Mayor of Heidelberg Eckart Würzner, committed to significantly cut greenhouse gas emissions from their cities by ensuring that new buildings operate at net zero carbon by 2030.
By signing C40’s Net Zero Carbon Buildings Declaration Oslo and Heidelberg also commit to ensure all buildings in the city, old or new, will meet net zero carbon standards by 2050. They join 23 other cities including Cape Town, Copenhagen, Durban, Johannesburg, London, Los Angeles, Medellin, Montreal, New York City, Newburyport, Paris, Portland, San Francisco, San Jose, Santa Monica, Seattle, Stockholm, Sydney, Tokyo, Toronto, Tshwane, Vancouver and Washington D.C., in making the pledge.
Net zero carbon buildings use energy ultra-efficiently and meet any remaining energy needs from renewable sources. Such action will be essential to limit global temperature rise to below 1.5°C and avoid global climate breakdown. Oslo and Heidelberg announced their commitment ahead of the C40 World Mayors Summit, taking place in Copenhagen, Oct 9th-12th.
Buildings in urban areas are one of the largest sources of greenhouse gas emissions, and typically account for over half of a city’s total emissions on average. In London, Los Angeles and Paris, buildings account for well over 70% of the cities’ overall emissions, creating an enormous opportunity for progress on bringing emissions down. Currently, half a million people die prematurely each year due to outdoor air pollution caused by energy used in buildings.
The Net Zero Carbon Buildings Declaration was first launched in September 2018 and many signatory cities have provided an update on their progress to date, detailed in this report.
Mayor of Heidelberg, Dr. Eckart Würzner, said: “Heidelberg is already leading in the movement towards net zero buildings by constructing all new municipal buildings with the world leading standard in energy efficiency – Passive House Standard – significantly reducing the need for conventional heating and air conditioning. The Passive House standard is also implemented in the new city district Bahnstadt and the development of the former military areas. Energy supply with renewable district heat and electricity makes the district Bahnstadt Net Zero Carbon Buildings.’
The Governing Mayor of Oslo, Raymond Johansen, said:
“Production of electricity in Norway is based on close to 100% renewables. Still, we can do more. In Oslo, new nursing homes and kindergartens will be built as energy plus houses, and certified at the highest standard available. They will produce more electricity than they consume. And for our existing buildings, we will invest in energy efficiency, and develop local energy production wherever possible.”
Boston and Stockholm Advance Towards Zero Waste
Cities join 25 other cities, states and regions committed to C40’s Advancing Towards Zero Waste Declaration. Combined, the 27 signatories will avoid disposal of at least 140 million tons of waste by 2030.
The cities of Boston, USA, & Stockholm, Sweden committed to significantly cut the amount of waste they generate and send to landfill and incineration, accelerating them on the path towards zero waste.
By signing C40’s Advancing Towards Zero Waste Declaration, these signatories have pledged to cut the amount of waste generated by each citizen 15% by 2030, reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills and incineration by 50% and increase the diversion rate to 70% by 2030.
They join 25 other cities, states and regions around the world, already committed to the Declaration – Auckland, Catalonia, Copenhagen, Dubai, London, Los Angeles, Milan, Montreal, Navarra, New York City, Newburyport, Paris, Philadelphia, Portland, Rotterdam, San Francisco, San Jose, Santa Monica, Sydney, Tel Aviv, Tokyo, Toronto, Vancouver, Wales & Washington, D.C.
Once implemented, the commitments made by these 27 signatories will avoid disposal of at least 140 million tons of waste by 2030. Worldwide waste generation is increasing faster than any other environmental pollutant and action in this sector has the potential to reduce global emissions by up to 20 percent. Such action will be essential to limit global temperature rise to below 1.5 °C and avoid climate breakdown.
The Advancing Towards Zero Waste Declaration is built on two bold commitments: Reducing the municipal solid waste generation per capita by at least 15% by 2030 compared to 2015; and Reducing the amount of municipal solid waste disposed to landfill and incineration by at least 50% by 2030 compared to 2015, and increasing the diversion rate away from landfill and incineration to at least 70% by 2030.
“In Stockholm we have worked for decades to continuously reduce waste generation and steer new waste fractions towards recycling.” says Anna König Jerlmyr, Mayor of Stockholm. “More and more of what we produce and consume must build on the principle of circular economy, with greater restraint in the use of finite resources and a focus on eliminating waste. We are determined to keep improving in this area, for the benefit of our citizens and our planet.”
“Preparing Boston for climate change means ensuring our city is sustainable, both now and in the future,” said Marty Walsh, Mayor of Boston. “We need to lead, and design city policies that work for our residents, and for the environment and world we depend upon. These initiatives will lead Boston towards becoming a zero waste city, and invest in the future of residents and generations to come.”
Boston and Stockholm announced their commitment ahead of the C40 World Mayors Summit, taking place in Copenhagen, Oct 9th-12th. The Advancing Towards Zero Waste Declaration was first launched in September 2018 and many signatory cities have have provided an update on their progress to date, detailed in the report How Cities Are Building the Future We Want.
Statement of Anne Hidalgo, Mayor of Paris and Chair of C40 Cities
We are facing a climate emergency, and a growing number of people around the world, particularly young people, are treating it as such. Just last month 7.6 million climate protestors took to the streets of the world’s cities for one of the largest global protests, on any topic, ever. This week, Extinction Rebellion is building on that momentum with peaceful protest and nonviolent action.
Time is running out, and we need action at an unprecedented scale. We are facing threats of climate breakdown – the response that we’re seeing from Extinction Rebellion and young climate strikers around the globe should come as no surprise.
We share their concern for the future of humanity, and we must push forward with courage and ambition to change the status quo that has generated this crisis.
Right now, emissions are still going up around the globe, even if in 30 cities from the C40 network they have been coming down for 5 years. Globally, emissions must start coming down by next year, and will need to be cut at least in half by 2030.
This work will require everyone’s participation: national governments and corporations will need to match the ambition of citizens and local leaders.
We must now come together and dedicate ourselves to protecting, preserving and mobilizing en masse for the future we want. We must listen to each other. We must discuss solutions and engage in open debate about the best route forward. Everything is at stake, and everyone will be impacted by this crisis. This is our shared struggle, and no peaceful action should be met with violence.
This week in Copenhagen, 70 mayors will come together alongside youth activists from more than 30 countries, scientists and business leaders for the C40 World Mayors Summit. This will be the defining challenge of our generation, and we can only succeed by working together to create the future we want.
C40 Cities connects more than 90 of the world’s leading cities to take bold climate action and build a healthier and more sustainable future. Representing 700+ million citizens and one quarter of the global economy, mayors of C40 cities are committed to delivering on the most ambitious goals of the Paris Agreement at the local level, as well as to cleaning the air we breathe.